If you looking for Schengen Countries Area List For Visa then just read carefully this article!
The Schengen Area is an area consisting of 26 European countries that have abolished internal border controls. It is named after the Schengen Agreement, which was signed in the village of Schengen in Luxembourg in 1985. The main objective of the Schengen Agreement is to promote the free movement of people within the participating countries.
The Schengen Area allows citizens of member countries to travel between participating countries without the need for passport control or visa requirements at internal borders. This means that once a person has entered the Schengen Area through the external borders, they can move freely between member countries without encountering border checks.
The Schengen Area countries have implemented common rules and procedures for controlling their external borders, such as a shared visa policy for visitors from non-Schengen countries. The area also facilitates cooperation in areas such as law enforcement, security, and judicial cooperation.
It’s important to note that not all European Union (EU) member states are part of the Schengen Area, and not all Schengen Area countries are members of the EU. For example, countries like Norway, Switzerland, and Iceland are part of the Schengen Area but not members of the EU.
The Schengen Area has greatly facilitated travel and trade within its member countries and has become a symbol of European integration and cooperation. However, it’s worth mentioning that member countries have the ability to temporarily reintroduce border controls in exceptional circumstances, such as for security reasons or during times of increased migration flows.
The Essential Features Of The Schengen Zone Are As Follows
- Free movement of people: The Schengen Zone allows for the free movement of people within its member countries. Citizens of Schengen countries can travel between participating nations without encountering passport control or border checks at internal borders.
- Abolition of internal border controls: The Schengen Agreement eliminated the need for systematic border controls between member countries. This means that once a person has entered the Schengen Zone through an external border, they can travel freely within the area without encountering further border checks.
- Common external border controls: Schengen member countries implement shared rules and procedures for controlling their external borders. This includes harmonized visa policies for visitors from non-Schengen countries and cooperation in areas such as border surveillance and security.
- Mutual recognition of visas: A Schengen visa issued by one member country is generally valid for travel to and within all other member countries. This allows travellers to visit multiple Schengen countries using a single visa.
- Police and judicial cooperation: The Schengen Zone fosters cooperation among member countries in law enforcement, security, and judicial matters. This includes sharing information, coordinating efforts to combat cross-border crime, and facilitating extradition processes.
- Schengen Information System (SIS): The SIS is a shared database that enables member countries to exchange real-time information on wanted or missing persons, stolen vehicles, lost or stolen passports, and other relevant data. It helps enhance security and border management within the Schengen Area.
- Opt-outs and temporary border controls: While the general principle of the Schengen Zone is the absence of internal border controls, member countries have the ability to temporarily reintroduce border checks under exceptional circumstances, such as significant security threats or increased migratory pressures.
What Are The Criteria To Become A Schengen Member Country?
It’s important to note that the Schengen Zone is not a homogenous entity within the European Union (EU). Some EU member states are not part of the Schengen Area, and some non-EU countries, such as Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein, are part of the Schengen Zone.
To become a Schengen member country, a state must meet certain criteria and undergo a process of evaluation and negotiation with the existing Schengen member states. The main criteria include:
- Stability of institutions: The aspiring member country must have stable political institutions that guarantee democracy, the rule of law, human rights, and the protection of fundamental freedoms.
- Security and order: The country should have effective control over its borders and demonstrate a high level of security in terms of combating organized crime, terrorism, and illegal migration. It should also have systems in place to exchange information with other Schengen countries through the Schengen Information System (SIS).
- Visa policy: The country needs to adopt and implement the common Schengen visa policy, which includes the harmonization of visa requirements, procedures, and practices. It should demonstrate the ability to issue Schengen visas and cooperate with other member states on visa matters.
- Data protection: The aspiring member country must ensure an adequate level of personal data protection and comply with relevant EU regulations on data protection.
- Schengen acquis alignment: The country needs to align its legislation, practices, and procedures with the Schengen acquis, which includes a wide range of legal and technical requirements related to border controls, police cooperation, data sharing, and judicial cooperation.
- Land, sea, and air borders: The country must have the capacity to effectively control its land, sea, and air borders, including the application of Schengen rules on external border controls, surveillance, and response to irregular migration.
- Consular cooperation: The aspiring member country should demonstrate the ability to cooperate with other member states on consular protection and assistance to their citizens.
Once a country expresses its interest in joining the Schengen Area, the European Commission evaluates its readiness and issues an opinion. Subsequently, the Council of the European Union, composed of representatives from member states, decides on the admission of the new country. The final decision requires a unanimous vote from all Schengen member states.
It’s important to note that becoming a Schengen member country is a complex and lengthy process, and the evaluation criteria may evolve over time as the Schengen Area continues to develop and adapt to new challenges.
Which Are The Still Non-Schengen Countries In Europe?
As of my knowledge cutoff in September 2021, the following European countries are not part of the Schengen Area:
- United Kingdom
It’s important to note that the situation may have changed since then. Additionally, some non-EU countries participate in the Schengen Area, such as Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein. It’s always a good idea to consult up-to-date and official sources for the latest information on the Schengen membership status of specific countries.
List of Schengen Countries and Their Overview
Introduction: The Schengen Area is a region comprising 26 European countries that have abolished internal border controls, allowing for the free movement of people within its member states. This article provides an overview of the countries in the Schengen Area, highlighting their unique characteristics and contributions to this borderless zone of Europe.
Austria, located in Central Europe, is known for its stunning landscapes and rich cultural heritage. The country is renowned for its historical cities like Vienna, Salzburg, and Innsbruck. Austria’s commitment to cultural diversity and its strategic location make it an integral part of the Schengen Area.
Belgium, situated in Western Europe, is famous for its historic cities such as Brussels, Bruges, and Ghent. It serves as the political hub of the European Union, hosting many of its institutions. Belgium’s architectural marvels, delicious cuisine, and vibrant cultural scene contribute to the Schengen Area’s diverse tapestry.
The Czech Republic, located in Central Europe, is known for its splendid castles, charming towns, and rich history. Prague, the capital city, is a popular tourist destination. The country’s strong commitment to European integration and its vibrant cultural heritage make it an important member of the Schengen Area.
Denmark, located in Northern Europe, is composed of the Jutland Peninsula and numerous islands. It is renowned for its high quality of life, sustainable urban planning, and design. Copenhagen, the capital city, is celebrated for its modern architecture and cycling culture. Denmark’s inclusion in the Schengen Area reflects its dedication to cross-border cooperation.
Estonia, situated in Northern Europe, is known for its digital advancements and picturesque landscapes. Tallinn, the capital city, boasts a beautifully preserved medieval Old Town. Estonia’s tech-savvy society and innovative e-governance systems contribute to the Schengen Area’s emphasis on technological progress.
Finland, located in Northern Europe, is often referred to as the “Land of a Thousand Lakes.” Known for its breathtaking natural beauty, including the Northern Lights, Finland offers a unique Nordic experience. Helsinki, the capital city, showcases modern architecture and a vibrant design scene. Finland’s inclusion in the Schengen Area promotes seamless travel across the region.
France, situated in Western Europe, is renowned for its art, fashion, gastronomy, and iconic landmarks such as the Eiffel Tower and Louvre Museum. Paris, the capital city, is a global centre of culture and a popular tourist destination. France’s rich history, diverse landscapes, and vibrant cities contribute significantly to the Schengen Area.
Germany, located in Central Europe, is known for its economic prowess, technological advancements, and rich cultural heritage. Berlin, the capital city, is famous for its history, art, and vibrant nightlife. Germany’s commitment to European integration and its central role in the European Union makes it a key member of the Schengen Area.
Greece, situated in Southern Europe, is celebrated for its ancient history, stunning islands, and Mediterranean charm. Athens, the capital city, boasts iconic historical sites such as the Acropolis. Greece’s inclusion in the Schengen Area showcases its role as a gateway to Europe and its cultural and historical significance.
Hungary, located in Central Europe, offers a blend of historical charm and modern cosmopolitanism. Budapest, the capital city, is famous for its stunning architecture, thermal baths, and vibrant nightlife. Hungary’s strategic location in Central Europe and its rich cultural heritage make it an important member of the Schengen Area.
Italy, situated in Southern Europe, is renowned for its art, history, cuisine, and breathtaking landscapes. Rome, Florence, Venice, and Milan are just a few of the many iconic cities that attract millions of tourists each year. Italy’s inclusion in the Schengen Area reflects its deep historical and cultural ties with Europe.
Latvia, located in the Baltic region of Northern Europe, offers a mix of pristine nature and charming medieval towns. Riga, the capital city, showcases an impressive architectural heritage and a vibrant cultural scene. Latvia’s commitment to European integration and its unique Baltic identity contribute to the Schengen Area’s diversity.
Lithuania, situated in the Baltic region of Northern Europe, is known for its picturesque landscapes, medieval castles, and vibrant festivals. Vilnius, the capital city, features a beautifully preserved Old Town designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site. Lithuania’s inclusion in the Schengen Area highlights its cultural richness and historical significance.
Luxembourg, a landlocked country in Western Europe, is renowned for its strong financial sector, rich history, and picturesque landscapes. The capital city, Luxembourg City, is home to impressive fortifications and European Union institutions. Luxembourg’s small size belies its significance as a founding member of the Schengen Agreement.
Malta, an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea, offers a blend of history, culture, and stunning coastlines. Valletta, the capital city, boasts an impressive collection of Baroque architecture and is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Malta’s strategic location and historical heritage contribute to its membership in the Schengen Area.
The Netherlands, situated in Western Europe, is famous for its tulip fields, windmills, and picturesque canals. Amsterdam, the capital city, is known for its artistic heritage, historic architecture, and vibrant cultural scene. The Netherlands’ progressive mindset and commitment to cross-border cooperation align well with the principles of the Schengen Area.
Poland, located in Central Europe, is known for its rich history, medieval towns, and vibrant folklore. Warsaw, the capital city, showcases a mix of contemporary architecture and reconstructed historical landmarks. Poland’s inclusion in the Schengen Area signifies its role as a bridge between Eastern and Western Europe.
Portugal, situated in Southern Europe, offers stunning coastlines, vibrant cities, and a rich cultural heritage. Lisbon, the capital city, is renowned for its colourful neighbourhoods and Fado music. Portugal’s historical explorations and its strategic Atlantic location contribute to its membership in the Schengen Area.
Slovakia, located in Central Europe, is known for its charming towns, castles, and natural beauty. Bratislava, the capital city, showcases a mix of medieval and modern architecture along the Danube River. Slovakia’s inclusion in the Schengen Area highlights its commitment to European integration and regional cooperation.
Slovenia, situated in Central Europe, offers stunning alpine landscapes, picturesque lakes, and charming coastal towns. Ljubljana, the capital city, boasts a vibrant cultural scene and a well-preserved medieval old town. Slovenia’s natural beauty and commitment to environmental sustainability align with the principles of the Schengen Area.
Spain, located in Southern Europe, is celebrated for its diverse landscapes, rich history, and vibrant culture. Madrid, Barcelona, and Seville are just a few of the numerous cities offering unique experiences. Spain’s inclusion in the Schengen Area reflects its status as a popular tourist destination and its historical connections with Europe.
Sweden, situated in Northern Europe, is known for its stunning natural landscapes, design innovations, and high quality of life. Stockholm, the capital city, showcases a blend of historical charm and modern architecture. Sweden’s inclusion in the Schengen Area highlights its commitment to cross-border cooperation and European integration.
The Schengen Area encompasses a diverse range of countries, each contributing its unique heritage, landscapes, and cultural offerings. The borderless travel and cooperation within the Schengen Zone exemplify the spirit of European integration and the promotion of freedom of movement. Exploring the member countries of the Schengen Area allows travellers to experience the richness and diversity of Europe’s shared heritage.